Believed to be more than 2,000 years old, Traditional Chinese Medicine (or ‘TCM’) is based on two essential theories:
Ying-yang TheoryWhere the universe is a whole composed of two opposite energies that are interdependent and can transform into one another. Ying-yang must be in equilibrium in order to maintain total balance
Five Elements (or wu xing) TheoryWhere the universe consists of five basic elements: wood, fire, water, earth, and metal. The Five Elements Theory describes the interaction between internal organs in the human body as well as the interaction between the human body and the external environment
TCM theory states that our body’s functions are maintained by energy called Qi. Qi maintains homeostasis in the body and flows through and around your body along pathways called meridians. It is believed that illness occurs when something blocks or unbalances your Qi.
There are six key treatment modalities of TCM and these include acupuncture, herbal medicine, cupping, moxibustion, diet, exercise (such as Tai Qi and Qigong), and spirituality. All treatment modalities prevent or treat illness by maintaining or restoring the Yinyang balance.